Florence native William H. Johnson is best known for his powerful folk style that brings to life the African-American community of the South. At the age of 17, Johnson moved to New York City, where he studied under Charles Hawthorne who later raised funds for him to study in France in the late 1920s. Johnson became one of the greatest American artists of the 20th century.

The Florence County Museum houses many of Johnson’s works, including two on paper and three oil paintings, and 38 pieces by his Danish wife, Holcha Krake.